SIVAN


SIVAN
SIVAN (Heb. סִיוָן), the post-Exilic name of the third month of the Jewish year. Occurring in the Bible and in the Apocrypha (Esth. 8:9; I Bar. 1:8) and frequently in rabbinic literature (as in Megillat Ta'anit), the name is held to be etymologically connected with samu or asamu ("to mark" or "to appoint" in Assyrian, akin to sim in Hebrew). The zodiacal sign for this month is Gemini. In the present fixed Jewish calendar, it invariably consists of 30 days, the First of Sivan never falling on Monday, Thursday, or the Sabbath (see calendar ). In the 20th century Sivan in its earliest occurrence extends from May 11th to June 9th and in its latest from June 9th to July 8th. Historical anniversaries in Sivan comprise: 1. Third–Fifth of Sivan, the "Three Days of the Bounds" commemorating the three-days' preparation for the revelation on Mount Sinai (Ex. 19:10–16); 2. Sixth of Sivan (in the Diaspora also Seventh of Sivan), shavuot (the festival of Weeks); 3. Seventh, fifteenth, and sixteenth of Sivan, anniversaries of Hasmonean victories (Meg. Ta'an. 3); 4. Twenty-fifth of Sivan, Israel's defeat of Ishmael, Canaan, and Egypt in a contest adjudicated by Alexander the Great (ibid.); (7, 8, 9) Twenty-third, twenty-fifth, and twenty-seventh of Sivan, once observed as fasts (ibid., 13; Tur and Sh. Ar. OḤ 580) commemorating Jeroboam I's suspension of pilgrimages to Jerusalem and the martyrdom of the tannaim, simeon b. gamaliel i , ishmael b. elisha , hananiah segan ha-kohanim , and hananiah b. teradyon . (Ephraim Jehudah Wiesenberg)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sivan — (Hebrew: סִיוָן, Standard Sivan Tiberian Unicode|Sîwān ; from Akkadian unicode|simānu , meaning Season; time ) is the ninth month of the civil year and the third month of the ecclesiastical year on the Hebrew calendar. It is a spring month of 30… …   Wikipedia

  • Sivan — Si van, n. [Heb. s[=i]v[=a]n.] The third month of the Jewish ecclesiastical year; supposed to correspond nearly with our month of June. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Sivan — Sivan, hebräischer Monat, fällt in den Mai unseres Kalenders u. war der dritte Monat des Kirchen u. der neunte des bürgerlichen Jahres …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Sivan — (Siwan), der neunte Monat im jüdischen Kalender, entspricht der Zeit vom Anfang Juni bis Anfang Juli. Am 6. und 7. Tage wird das jüdische Wochenfest gefeiert …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Siván — (סִיוָן; del acadio simānu fecha, estación, época ; o quizás también de siwānu calor, ardor solar , al ser un mes luminoso y cálido), es el noveno mes del calendario hebreo moderno, que comienza su cómputo a partir del mes de Tishrei con la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • SIVAN — nomen mensis. Esther. c. 8. v. 9 …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Sivan — Nom porté en Provence. Il doit s agir d une forme contractée de Silvan, nom de baptême issu du latin Silvanus (de silva = forêt), qui a donné aussi Silvain, Sylvain …   Noms de famille

  • sivan — sivȁn m DEFINICIJA 1. jud. a. deveti mjesec prema aktualnom židovskom kalendaru b. deveti mjesec židovske godine prema računanju od postanka svijeta c. rel. pov. treći mjesec prema računanju od izlaska židovskoga naroda iz Egipta 2.… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Sivan — [sē vän′, siv′ən] n. [Heb siwan, akin to Akkadian simānu, name of 3d Babylonian month] the ninth month of the Jewish year: see the Jewish calendar in the Reference Supplement …   English World dictionary

  • Sivan — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Sivan (homonymie) . Sivan (hébreu : סִיוָן) est un mois printanier de trente jours, le 3e du calendrier hébreu selon le décompte biblique (qui commence en nissan), le 9e du calendrier civil (qui commence en… …   Wikipédia en Français


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